IslamCan: What to Say in Salah (Prayer)

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Good news for New Muslims! Now, you can easily learn what to recite during praying using our segmented audio files and English transliteration. All supplications are authentic.

You are one step ahead if you already know the movements during the prayer. If you don't, you can visit http://english.islamway.com to learn them. At each step, there is something to recite and we are here to help you with those recitations. We will also try to illustrate the movements in the near future.

Things to note: Please recite only the Arabic portions during praying. Phrases are repeated at least twice in the audio files for your convenience. Recite the phrases only once during praying, unless otherwise mentioned. Some common Arabic Terms used: Surah = A Chapter of the Quran, Dua = Supplication


Starting the Prayer by saying Takbir Tahrimah

Transliteration: Alla-hu Akbar

Translation: Allah is the greatest

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Dua Al-Istiftah (Supplication of Starting) Recited only in the first Rakath

Transliteration: Subhana Kal-lah hum-ma wabi hamdika wata-bara kasmuka wata'ala jad-duka wala ilaha ghyruka.

Translation: Glory be to you, O Allah, and all praises are due unto you, and blessed is your name and high is your majesty and none is worthy of worship but you.

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Next recitation is called Ta'awwuz (Also recited only in the first Rakath)

Transliteration: A'uzu bil-lahi minash Shayta-nir-rajeem

Translation: I seek Allah's protection from Satan who is accursed.

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After this, recite the Tasmiah (Should be recited in every Rakath before starting a Surah)

Transliteration: Bismillah hir-Rahma nir-Raheem

Translation: In the name of Allah, the most Kind and the most Merciful.

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Surah Fatiha (Recited in every Rakath, very important to memorize)

Transliteration:

Alhamdul lil-lahi rab-bil 'alameen
Ar rahma nir-raheem
Maliki yawmid-deen
Iyyaka na'budu wa iyyaka nasta'een
Ihdinas siratal mustaqeem
Siratal Lazeena an'amta 'alayhim
Ghai-ril maghdubi 'alayhim
Walad dal-leen. Ameen

Translation:

Praise is only for Allah, Lord of the Universe.
The most Kind, the most Merciful.
The master of the Day of Judgement.
You alone we worship and to you alone we pray for help.
Show us the straight way,
The way of those whom you have blessed.
Who have not deserved your anger,
Nor gone astray.

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After Surah Fatiha - recite any Surah from the Quran. Please note that the surah recited in the first rakath should be longer than the one recited in the second rakath. To listen to more surahs, visit IslamWay Quran Section

We have used Surah Ikhlas as an example

Transliteration:

Qul huwal lahu ahad.
Allah hus-Samad.
Lam yalid walam yulad.
Walam yakul-lahu Kufuwan ahad.

Translation:

Say: He is Allah, the only one.
Allah helps and does not need help.
He does not produce a child, and He was not born of anyone.
There is no one equal to Him.

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Supplication in Ruku (Vowing)

Recite Alla-hu Akbar (Listen) before going to Ruku. While in Ruku, recite the following supplication 3, 5, 7, 9, 11 or more times. Make it an odd number.

Transliteration: Sub-hana Rabbi-al 'ajeem.

Translation: Glory to my Lord the Exalted.

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Qawmah (Standing After Ruku)

Transliteration: Sami 'allah hu liman hamida. Rab-bana lakal hamd.

Translation: Verily Allah listens to one who praises Him. Oh our Lord, all praises be to you.

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First Sajdah (Prostration)

Before going to the Sajdah, recite Alla-hu Akbar (Listen). While in Sajdah, recite the following supplication 3, 5, 7, 9, 11 or more times. Make it an odd number.

Transliteration: Sub-hana Rabbi yal a'la

Translation: Oh Allah, glory be to you, the most High.

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Jalsah (Sitting between two Sajdah)

To rise and sit from the first Sajdah, recite Alla-hu Akbar (Listen). Sit for a short while and recite the following:

Transliteration: Allah hum maghfirlee war-ham nee

Translation: Oh Allah, forgive me, and have mercy on me

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Second Sajdah

Recite Alla-hu Akbar (Listen) before going to the secind Sajdah from Jalsah. 

Recite the same supplication as the first Sajdah (Listen).

Before starting second rakath, say Alla-hu Akbar while standing up. Now, you have completed one Rakath. Then recite Tasmiah and Surah Fatiha. After Fatiha, recite tasmiah and another surah and proceed to Ruku by saying Alla-hu Akbar. Carry on the acts till the second Sajdah. After second Sajdah, say Alla-hu Akbar, but sit down for reciting Tashahud, Darud and some supplications before finishing the prayer with salam.

Tashahud

Transliteration: 

At-tahiy-yatu lil-lahi was sala-watu wat-tay yibatu
As-salamu 'alayka ay-yuhan-nabiy-yu
wa rahma tullahi wa bara-katuhu
As-salamu 'alayna wa'ala 'ibadil-la his-sali-heen
Ash hadu al-la ilaha il-lal lahu
wa ash hadu an-na Muhammadan
'ab-duhu wa rasuluh.

Translation:

All compliments, all physical prayer,
and all monitary worship are for Allah.
Peace be upon you, Oh Prophet,
and Allah's mercy and blesings.
Peace be on us and on all righteous slaves of Allah.
I bear witness that no one is worthy of worship except Allah
And I bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger.

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If you are offering 3 Rakath of salah (as in Maghrib), then after Tashahud in second Rakath, you say Alla-hu Akbar and stand up. Then you recite Tasmiah, Fatiha and other supplications. Note that a surah after Fatiha is only recited in the first two rakaths. Carry on till second Sajdah in the normal manner and sit for second Tashahud in the third Rakath. After that, you are to recite the following three supplications and finish the prayer. If you are offering 4 Rakath of salah, then don't sit for Tashahud in the third Rakath. Simply stand up after second Sajdah in the third rakath by saying Alla-hu Akbar. Carry on till second sajdah and sit for Tashahud in the fourth Rakath. Recite the following three supplications to finish the prayer.

Salat Alan-Nabi (Darud) - Salutation to the Prophet

Transliteration:

Allah humma sal-li 'ala Muhammadin
wa 'ala ali Muhammadin,
Kama sal-layta 'ala Ibraheema
Wa'ala ali Ibraheema
innaka Hameedum Majeed

Allah humma barik 'ala Muhammadin
wa 'ala ali Muhammadin,
Kama barakta 'ala Ibraheema
Wa 'ala ali Ibraheema
innaka Hameedum Majeed.

Translation:

Oh Allah, send grace and honour on Muhammad and
On the family and true followers of Muhammad
just as you sent Grace and Honour on Ibrahim
and on the family and true followers of Ibrahim
Surely, you are praiseworthy, the Great.

Oh Allah, send your blessing on Muhammad and
the true followers of Muhammad, just
as you sent blessings on Ibrahim
and his true followers
Surely, you are praiseworthy, the Great.

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After Salat Alan-Nabi, recite the following:

Transliteration:

Rab bij'alnee muqeemas salati wa min
zur-riy yatee rab-bana wata qab-bal du'a,
rab-ba nagh-firlee wali waliday-ya
wa lil mu-mineena yawma yaqumul hisab.

Translation:

Oh Lord, make me and my children keep up prayers,
Our Lord, accept our prayer,
Our Lord, forgive me and my parents
and all the Believers on the Day of Judgement.

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Now, it's time to finish the prayer by saying Salam. Look towards your right shoulder and say it once then look towards your left shoulder and say it once again. Then you are done!

Transliteration:

As-salamu 'alaykum wa rah-matul lah

Translation:

Peace be on you and the mercy of Allah.

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Dua Qunut (to be recited in Witr Prayer)

Transliteration:

Allah hum mahdinee feeman hadayta,
Wa 'afinee feeman 'afayta,
wata wal-lane feeman twal-layta
wa barik lee feema a'taita,
waqinee shar-ra ma qadayta,
fa-innaka taqdee wala yuqda 'alayk,
innahu laa Yazil-lu man walayt,
wala ya'iz-zu man 'adaita,
tabarakta rabbana wata 'alaita,
nastaghfiruka wanatubu ilayka,
Wa sal-lal lahu alan-nabee.

Translation:

Oh Allah, make me among those whom You have guided,
and make me among those whom You have saved, and make
me among those whom You have chosen, and bless whatever
you have given me, and protect me from the evil which you have decreed; verily, You decide the things and nobody can decide against You; and none whom You have committed to Your care shall be humiliated and none whom You have taken as an enemy shall taste glory. You are blessed, our Lord, and Exalted, we ask for Your forgiveness and turn to You. Peace and mercy of Allah be upon the Prophet.

Sorry, no audio for the above supplication. The one below has an audio file.

or, you may recite this one,

Transliteration:

Allah humma inna nast'eenuka wa nastaghfiruka wa nu'minu bika wa natawak-kalu 'alayka wa nuthne 'alayk-al khayr. Wa nashkuruka wa laaa nakfuruka wa nakhla'u wa natruku man-y yafjuruka. Allah humma iyyaka na'budu wa laka nusal-lee wa nasjudu wa ilayka nas'a wa nahfidu wa narju rahmataka wa nakhsha 'azabaka inna 'azabaka bil kuf-fari mulhiq.

Translation:

Oh Allah, we ask you for help and seek your forgiveness, and we believe in You and have trust in You, and we praise you in the best way and we thank You and we are not ungrateful to you, and we forsake and turn away from the one who disobeys you. O Allah, we worship You only and pray to You and prostrate ourselves before You, and we run towards You and serve You, and we hope to receive your mercy, and we fear your punishment. Surely, the disbelievers will receive your punishement.

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It may look difficult to memorize all these supplications in the beginning, but keep on learning everyday. Soon, you will be able to memorize them all.